河南省商丘市第一高级中学2017-2018学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题 Word版含答案

商丘市一高2017-2018学年第二学期期末考试 高二英语试题(100分钟)

第Ⅰ卷

注意事项:

1. 答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并答在

答题卡上,将该项涂黑。

A

We have most friends at the age of 26 after having spent the first quarter of our lives building up our friendship circle, a new research has claimed.

The research into friendship shows that our social circle peaks at 26 years and seven months. at which we typically have five close friends. Women are most popular at 25 years and 10 months9 with men hitting the friendship highest point a little later at 27 years and three months.

The research, by Forever Friends, shows that a third of adults (36%) meet their closest friends while at school, with a fifth (22%) saying they meet them at work.

Social networks such as Facebook and Twitter now also play a major role in building new friendships. The research points out that 25 to 34-year-olds make 22 friends via Facebook, compared to 18 to 24-year-oleis who make 12 , and 35 to 44-year-olds who make just four.

Forever Friends relationship coach Sam Owen says: “It is no coincidence that over a third of us meet our best friends at school. It is a key lime in our lives when friendships are growing

through sharing notes, giving gifts 9 seeing each other regularly and laughing a lot. As adults we can often forget how powerful these small things are and how the little things can make a difference.”

Later in life we find ourselves losing friends. Over half of us lose friendships through moving, while 36% say that over time they grow apart from close pals. Having children also causes 19% to drift away from childhood friends. With growing pressures being put on friendships these days,it’s important to make time for our friendships.

21. How many friends can a 20-year-old college student make via Facebook? A. 4

B. 12

C. 18

D. 22

22. In Paragraph 5, the author is trying to tell the readers _________ A. how important making friends is B. that friendship is not easy to keep

C. how much has been done to keep friendship D. that friendship at school is important

23. The underlined phrase “adrift away from” in Paragraph 6 means____. A. make sense of

B. lose contact with

C. feel sorry for

D. make up with

24. This passage is most probably taken from______. A. Facebook or Twitter C. a text book

B

One afternoon in November 1918, Moina Michael hurried through the streets of New York. She wore a bright red silk poppy (罂粟花) on her coat collar and carried a bouquet of 24 smaller poppies. World War I was going on overseas, and Moina was determined to do her part. Moina was a teacher at University of Georgia when the war broke out. She planned to do more than making socks or sweaters for the Red Cross. She wanted to encourage the soldiers before they left for war. Moina traveled to New York to care for soldiers at the medical center at Columbia University. There was nothing she enjoyed more than sitting and chatting with the

B. an advertisement D. a newspaper

soldiers. She looked at the photos of their families and brought fresh flowers to brighten the rooms when the weather outside turned grey.

Earlier that November morning, she found a well-known poem in a magazine, which began, “In Flanders fields , the pop pies blow between the crosses (十字架 ) , row on row…”

Moina had read the poem before. She knew that John, a Canadian physician, wrote it while treating soldiers on the battlefields of Flanders in Belgium. The poem, remembering the dead, always touched her. But that morning, Moina was struck by the last verse and pictures. Soldiers with sad eyes stared at a battleground full of white crosses and bright red poppies. %us,\

Moina thought about the soldiers at the medical center-how they had left their families and homes to protect the freedom she enjoyed each day. To Moina, they were heroes. Silently, she made a promise. She would always wear a red poppy to remember the soldiers.

25. Which of the following can best replace the underlined phrase “do her part” in Paragraph l? A. join the army C. make her own efforts

26. Where did Moina make her promise? A. In Canada.

C. At Columbia University.

27. Moina considered the red poppy as_____. A. the logo of the medical center C. a memorial flower for soldiers 28. John wrote the poem ______. A. in hope of a bright future

C. to treat the soldiers on the battlefields

C

From sleeping standing up to shutting down half of their brain, animals have some strange sleeping habits.

Now some of these unusual habits, from napping giraffes to birds that sleep while flying, have been shown in a chart. This chart shows that little brown bats are very lethargic , sleeping B. in memory of the dead soldiers D. to show Moina's love for the soldiers B. the city flower of New York D. a symbol of University of Georgia B. In Belgium.

D. At University of Georgia. B. become a doctor D. be a Red Cross member

for around 19.5 hours per day.

This long period of sleep is thought to be a way of conserving energy and it means brown bats only hunt for a few hours each night when their insect food is available.

In contrast, giraffes can go weeks without sleep because these large and slow-moving animals are constantly easy to the attacks from predators.

However, other animals are experts at multitasking and can swim or fly while sleeping. For example, dolphins and whales sleep while keeping half of their brain alert (警觉), so they don’t drown, with dolphins typically napping for around 10 hours a day. The method is known as “logging” and it has been observed in bottlenose dolphins, which keep half of their brain at a low level of alertness. This allows the dolphin to keep enough consciousness to carry on breathing through its blowhole.

While sea otters aren’t alert while they sleep,they form rafts so they are not separated from each other. The creatures sometimes hold hands or paws when they sleep and typically eat, sleep and rest while floating in groups of rafts.

29. The underlined word “lethargic” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_. A. sleepy C. energetic

B. inactive D. movable

30. Why do little brown bats have a long period of sleep? A. To avoid sunshine. C. To relax themselves.

B. To save more energy. D. To wait for their insect food.

31. How do dolphins avoid drowning while sleeping? A. By taking extra naps.

C. By keeping half of their brain alert.

B. By holding hands or paws.

D. By breathing through their blowholes.

32. What do sea otters do in order not to be separated from each other? A. They don’t sleep. C. They float in groups.

D

My wife and I,recently driving through Arizona, stopped at a \collector’s shop” in Tucson, where stones and minerals of many kinds were on display. During the visit, we were taken into

B. They float on rafts.

D. They hold hands all the time.

a small room where ordinary-looking rocks were laid out on shelves. Had I seen them on some hillside, I would not have given them a second thought. Then the man closed the door so that the room was in total darkness and turned on an ultraviolet(紫外线的)lamp. Instantly, the rocks leaped into a kind of glory. Brilliant colors of an indescribable beauty were there before our eyes: a certain power had been switched on, and a hidden world leaped into life.

As 1 look at my universe and walk among my fellow humans, I have the deep belief that hidden realities are all around us: there in the physical world, and there also in the human world.

I believe, then, that my chief job in life is to switch on an extra power so that I can see what my naked eye, or my naked mind, cannot now see. I believe that I have to do this particularly with my human fellows. My ordinary eyes tend to stop short at those envelopes we call human bodies. But we have learned that by turning on a certain power we can see through to the inside of these envelopes.

We call this extra power “imagination”. At its highest, we call it \see through and to feel through to the inner life of other human beings. When we turn on this lamp of imaginative sensitivity, we make the ordinary human beings around us come excitingly alive.

When we are aware that there are glories of life still hidden from us,we walk humbly (谦逊地)before the Great Unknown. But we do more than this: we try to increase our powers of seeing and feeling so that we can turn what is still unknown into what is warmly and understandingly known. This, I believe, is our great human adventure. 33. Why does the writer mention their visit to the collector’s shop? A. To introduce the topic. C. To explain his point.

B. To share his experience. D. To provide evidence.

34. Which of the following does the writer agree with? A. Hidden realities remain in the physical world. B. Ordinary minds can never reach others’ inside. C. He had seen the very rocks on some hillside before. D. We should stay humble when we are still unknown. 35. It can be referred to as a great human adventure that _____.




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